Oxford is the county town of Oxfordshire and famous worldwide for its prestigious university, the oldest in the English-speaking world. In his poem ‘Thyrsis’ the Victorian poet Matthew Arnold called Oxford ‘the city of dreaming spires’ after the stunning architecture of these university buildings. Arnold wrote his poem to commemorate the life of his late friend, Arthur Hugh Clough whose most famous work was The Bothie of Tober-na-Vuolich.
I hope you’re following this and starting to connect Oxford, with Dreaming Spires, Matthew Arnold, Arthur Hugh Clough, The Bothie ….?? Not yet? Then here’s a bit more ….
Two rivers run through Oxford, the Cherwell and the Thames (Isis), and it is from this riverside situation that Oxford got its name in Saxon times, ‘Oxenaforda’ or ‘Ford of the Oxen’. In the 10th century Oxford became an important frontier town between the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex and was also strategically important to the Normans who in 1071 built a castle there, first in timber then later in the 11th century, in stone. Oxford Castle played an important part in The Anarchy in 1142 when Matilda was imprisoned there, and later, like many other castles, was mostly destroyed during the English Civil War.
What has all this got to do with winemaking you must be asking! Here we go then …….
Bothy Vineyard is the oldest vineyard (40+ years) in Oxfordshire and is situated in the parish of Frilford which has two significant archaeological sites: a Roman villa and a cemetery on Frilford Heath that appears to include both Roman and Saxon burials. So, we have an old vineyard in a very old parish of Oxfordshire, England, owned and run by Dr Richard Liwicki, who also works at Oxford University, and his wife Sian who we met a few days back.
Enough tenuous and tortuous history then, let’s get on with the wine!
The grapes grown here are Ortega, Bacchus, Findling, Perle of Alzey, Alba Longa, Huxelrebe (the whites), and Rondo, Regent, Dornfelder (the reds). See a description of them here Our Varieties
Their wines are mostly blends of these grapes though The Doctor’s Bacchus is clearly a single varietal wine as is Renaissance made from Ortega. The blended wines are Oxford Dry (Huxelrebe, Findling, Perle) and Oxford Pink (Rondo, Regent, Dornfelder). In addition they have the stunning sparkler, Halcyon Days, A pink fizz made from “lots of grapes blended together” said Sian! See a description of them all here Our Wines
What really stands out about this vineyard however is its sustainable environment conscious approach. Richard and Sian are both scientists and unsurprisingly run their vineyard in a very scientific manner, but with a major focus on sustainability. Even within the short hour we spent with Sian it was very obvious how important it was for them that their winemaking integrated totally with the land and the environment overall. In their own words:
“Our philosophy at Bothy Vineyard is to produce the highest quality wines from grapes cultivated in as environmentally friendly a way as possible. We continue an ancient tradition of wine making in the Vale of the White Horse, Oxfordshire. The local micro-climate, warm sandy soils, long ripening season and mature vines produce wines of consistent depth and quality which have won many awards.”
Some examples from their website:
- Bringing soils “back to life” with interplanting of grass and the use of council created composts
- Using native sweet chestnut for trellis posts
- Biodiversity areas – grassy areas are planted with a mixture of native species. Over 600 native trees have also been planted and old wood is left in the periphery for invertebrates. In Nov 2011, sowed 1 acre of wildflower grass mix in the vineyard, which is designed to assist butterflies, bumblebees and the solitary bees which nest on site. In 2014, another 2 acres were added.
- Electricity used is 100% from renewable sources – some of which is generated on site. Bothy is an affiliate of Good Energy
- No longer use neck capsules, unnecessary packaging
- All packaging is recycled such as reused cartons
- A cork collection and recycling project
- Involving the local community and volunteers across the year